Sittidae

SITTIDAE Lesson, 1828

R.P. Lesson. Manuel d’ornithologie; ou Description des genres et des principales espèces d’oiseaux. Paris: Roret, 1828, 1: 65 (list), 360 (descr.).


Sitta Linnaeus, 1758

Sitta Caroli Linnæi [Carl Linnaeus]. Systema naturae; per Regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edn. Holmiæ [Stockholm]: Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 1758, 1: 115.


Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch Linnaeus, 1758

Sitta europæa Caroli Linnæi [Carl Linnaeus]. Systema naturae; per Regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edn. Holmiæ [Stockholm]: Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 1758, 1: 115 – type loc. Europæ [Europe], Americæ.

(European Nuthatch) for Europe.

S. e. caesia Wolf, 1810

Sitta caesia Johann Wolf. Landvögel. T. 1 of Taschenbuch der deutschen Vögelkunde oder kurze Beschreibung aller Vögel Deutschlands, Bernhard Meyer and Johann Wolf. Frankfurt am Main: Verlage von Friedrich Wilmans, 1810, 128–129.

(Blue-grey Nuthatch) Latin caesia = blueish grey.

S. e. europaea Linnaeus, 1758

S. e. hispaniensis Witherby, 1913

Sitta europæa hispaniensis H.F. Witherby. “Amended name, Sitta europæa hispaniensis, for S. minor Brehm.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 31, no. 187 (1913), 78 – type coll. Sierra de Grédos near Madrid, Spain, 11 June 1910, H. Lynes.

(Hispanic Nuthatch) for Hispania [Iberia = present-day Spain and Portugal], with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. e. cisalpina Sachtleben, 1919

Sitta europaea cisalpina H. Sachtleben. “Sitta europaea cisalpina subsp. nov.” Anzeiger der Ornithologischen Gesellschaft in Bayern, Bd. 1, no. 2 (1919), 7–8 – type coll. Ariccia, Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, Italy, 12 March 1906, C. Coli.

(Cisalpine Nuthatch) from Latin cis- = on this side of (i.e. viewed from Rome), and alpīna = alpine.

S. e. levantina Hartert, 1905

Sitta europaea levantina Ernst Hartert. Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna. Systematische Übersicht der in Europa, Nord-Asien und der Mittelmeerregion vorkommenden Vögel. Berlin: R. Friedländer und Sohn, 1905, Heft 3, 320. Collated and republished as vol. 1 (1910), 333 – type coll. Taurus [Taurus Mountains], Turkey, April 1876, C. Danford.

(Levantine Nuthatch) for the Levant, with Latin -ina = relational adjectival suffix.

S. e. persica Witherby, 1903

Sitta europæa persica Harry F. Witherby. “An Ornithological Journey in Fars, South-west Persia.” Ibis, 8th ser., 3, no. 12 (1903), 531–532 – type coll. Elburz Mountains [Alborz], Iran, 1902, Harry F. Witherby.

(Persian Nuthatch) for Persia [Iran].

S. e. caucasica Reichenow, 1901

Sitta caesia caucasica Anton Reichenow. “Sitta caesia caucasica Rchw. n. sp.” Ornithologische Monatsberichte 9, no. 4 (1901), 53 – type coll. Naltschik [Nalchik], Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Russia.

(Caucasus Nuthatch) for the Caucasus.

S. e. rubiginosa Tschusi and Zarudny, 1905

Sitta europaea rubiginosa Viktor von Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen and Nikolai Sarudny [Nikolai Zarudny]. “Sitta europaea rubiginosa Tsch. & Sarud. subsp. nov.” In Viktor von Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen. “Über palaearktische Formen IX.” Ornithologisches Jahrbuch 16, Heft 3–4 (1905), 140 – type coll. Asterabad [Gorgan], Persia [Iran], 9 October 1903, Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen.

(Rusty Nuthatch) Latin rūbīginōsā = rusty, rust-coloured, from rūbīgō = rust and from -ōsa = adjectival suffix (‘full of’).

S. e. asiatica Gould, 1835

Sitta Asiatica John Gould. The Birds of Europe. London: John Gould, 1835, pt 12, pl. 236. Collated and republished as The Birds of Europe. Vol. 3, Incessores. London: John Gould, 1837, pl. 236.

(Asian Nuthatch) Latin āsiātica = Asiatic, from Greek Ἀσιατικός, Asiatikós = Asiatic.

S. e. baicalensis Taczanowski, 1882

Sitta baicalensis L. Taczanowski [W. Taczanowski]. “Liste des oiseaux receuillis par le Dr Dybowski au Kamtschatka et dans les iles Comandores.” Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France pour l’année 1882 7 (1882), 385–386 – type loc. Irkutsk, Lake Baikal, Daourie [Transbaikal], Russia.

(Baikal Nuthatch) for Baikal, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. e. albifrons Taczanowski, 1882

Sitta albifrons L. Taczanowski [W. Taczanowski]. “Liste des oiseaux receuillis par le Dr Dybowski au Kamtschatka et dans les iles Comandores.” Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France pour l’année 1882 7 (1882), 385–386 – type coll. Kamtschatka [Kamchatka Peninsula], B. Dybowski.

(White-fronted Nuthatch) from Latin albus, and Latin frōns = forehead.

S. e. sakhalinensis Buturlin, 1916

Sitta europaea sakhalensis S.A. Buturlin. “Краткий обзор семейства поползней (Sittidae).” [A brief overview of the nuthatch family (Sittidae).] Труды Петроградского общества естествоиспытателей [Proceedings of the Imperial Saint Petersburg Society of Naturalists], t. 44, no. 2 (1916), 158, 170.

(Sakhalin Nuthatch) for Sakhalin, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. e. takatsukasai Momiyama, 1931

Sitta europæa takatsukasai T.T. Momiyama. “The Sittidae or Family of Nuthatches.” [In Japanese.] Kaidori 2, no. 8 (1931), 1–24.

(Takatsukasa’s Nuthatch) for Nobusuke Takatsukasa.

S. e. clara Stejneger, 1887

Sitta amurensis clara Leonhard Stejneger. “Review of Japanese Birds II. Tits and Nuthatches.” Proceedings of the United States National Museum 9, no. 578 (1887), 392–393 – type coll. Yesso [Ezo], Japan, 17 October 1882, Thomas W. Blakiston.

(Bright Nuthatch) Latin clāra = clear, bright.

S. e. hondoensis Buturlin, 1916

Sitta europaea hondoensis S.A. Buturlin. “Краткий обзор семейства поползней (Sittidae).” [A brief overview of the nuthatch family (Sittidae).] Труды Петроградского общества естествоиспытателей [Proceedings of the Imperial Saint Petersburg Society of Naturalists], t. 44, no. 2 (1916), 160, 171.

(Hondo Nuthatch) for Hondo [Honshū], Japan, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. e. amurensis Swinhoe, 1871

Sitta amurensis Robert Swinhoe. “A Revised Catalogue of the Birds of China and Its Islands, with Descriptions of New Species, References to Former Notes, and Occasional Remarks.” Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1871, pt 2, no. 22 (1871), 350 – type loc. Amoorland [Amur Oblast], Russia.

(Amur Nuthatch) for Amur Krai (Аму́рский край) [Amur Oblast], with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. e. roseilia Bonaparte, 1850

Sitta roseilia Carolo Luciano Bonaparte [Charles Lucien Bonaparte]. Conspectus generum avium. Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: E.J. Brill, 1850, 227 – type loc. Japan.

(Rosy-flanked Nuthatch) from Latin roseī = pink, rose-coloured, rosy, and īlia = feminine of īlium = flanks.

S. e. bedfordi Ogilvie-Grant, 1909

Sitta bedfordi W.R. Ogilvie-Grant. “Exhibition and Description of a New Species of Nuthatch (Sitte bedfordi) from the Island of Quelpart.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 23, no. 144 (1909), 59 – type coll. Quelpart Island [Jeju Island], S. Corea [South Korea], 11 September 1905, M.P. Anderson.

(Bedford’s Nuthatch) for Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford.

S. e. seorsa Portenko, 1955

Sitta europaea seorsa L.A. Portenko. “Новые подвиды воробьиных птиц (Aves, Passeriformes).” [New subspecies of passerine birds (Aves, Passeriformes).] Труды Зоологического института Академии наук СССР, t. 18, (1955), 497–498 – type coll. eastern Tian Shan, August 1895, P.K. Kozlov.

(Isolated Nuthatch) Latin seorsa = sundered, separate, apart.

S. e. sinensis Verreaux, 1871

Sitta sinensis J. Verreaux. “Note sur les espèces nouvelles d’oiseaux recueillis par M. l’Abbé Armand David dans les montanges du Thibet chinois.” Bulletin des Nouvelles archive du Muséum d’histoire naturelle de Paris 6 (1870), 34Kiu-Kiang [Jiujiang], China, 2 September 1868, Armand David.

(Chinese Nuthatch) Latin sinēnsis = Chinese, from Sīnae = China, and -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. e. formosana Buturlin, 1911

Sitta formosana S.A. Buturlin. “Интересные находки.” [Interesting findings.] Наша охота [Our hunt] 8 (1911), 51 – type coll. central Formosa [Taiwan], S.A. Buturlin.

(Formosa Nuthatch) for Formosa, with Latin -āna = relational adjectival suffix.


Sitta arctica Siberian Nuthatch Buturlin, 1907

Sitta arctica S.A. Buturlin. “Интересные находки.” [Interesting findings.] Псовая и ружейная охота [Dog and gun hunting], no. 6 (1907), 87. Republished as “Neue Ost-Asiatische Formen.” Ornithologische Monatsberichte 15, no. 5 (1907), 79 – type coll. Werchojansk [Verkhoyansk], Russia, March 1906?, S.A. Buturlin.

(Northern Nuthatch) Latin arctica = northern, arctic, from Greek ἀρκτικός, arktikós = northern, of the (Great) Bear.


Sitta nagaensis Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Godwin-Austen, 1874

Sitta nagaensis H.H. Godwin-Austen. “Descriptions of Ten New Birds from the Nágá Hills and Munipúr Valley, N.E. Frontier of Bengal.” Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1874, pt 1, no. 3 (1874), 44 – type coll. Naga Hills, India/Myanmar, 1872–1873, H.H. Godwin-Austen.

(Naga Nuthatch) for the Naga Hills, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. n. montium La Touche, 1899

Sitta montium J.D.D. La Touche. “Notes on the Birds of North-west Fokhien.” Ibis, 7th ser., 5, no. 19 (1899), 404 – type loc. Kuatun [Guadun], Wuyishan City, Fujian Province, China.

(Mountain Nuthatch) Latin montium = mountains.

S. n. nagaensis Godwin-Austen, 1874

S. n. grisiventris Kinnear, 1920

Sitta europæa grisiventris N.B. Kinnear. “Exhibition and Descrion of a New Species of Nuthatch (Sitta europæa grisiventris) from the Chin Hills.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 40, no. 251 (1920), 142Mount Victoria [Nat Ma Taung], Chin Hills, Myanmar, 24 March 1904, G. Rippon.

(Grey-bellied Nuthatch) from Latin grīseum = grey, and ventris = bellied, from venter = belly.


Sitta cashmirensis Kashmir Nuthatch Brooks, 1871

Sitta Cashmirensis W.E. Brooks. “Notes on the Ornithology of Cashmir.” Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, September (1871), 209. Extended and republished in Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 41, pt 2, no. 1 (1872), 75 – type coll. Cashmir [Kashmir], (present-day) India, May–June 1871, W.E. Brooks.

(Kashmir Nuthatch) for Kashmir, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Sitta castanea Indian Nuthatch Lesson, 1830

Sitta castanea R.P. Lesson. Traité d’ornithologie; ou Tableau méthodique des ordres, sous-ordres, familles, tribus, genres, sous-genres et races d’oiseaux. Paris: F.G. Levrault, 1830, livr. 4, 316. Collated and republished in 1831, 316.

(Chestnut Nuthatch) Latin castanea = chestnut, chestnut-tree.

S. c. castanea Lesson, 1830

S. c. prateri Whistler and Kinnear, 1932

Sitta castanea prateri Hugh Whistler and N.B. Kinnear. “The Vernay Scientific Survey of the Eastern Ghats (Ornithological Section).” Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 35, no. 3 (1932), 522 – type loc. Vizagapatam district.

(Prater’s Nuthatch) for S.H. Prater.


Sitta cinnamoventris Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Blyth, 1842

Sitta cinnamoventris E. Blyth. “Report of Curator to the Museum of the Asiatic Society.” In “Proceedings of the Asiatic Society,” H.T. Prinsep. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 11, pt 1, no. 125, n.s., no. 41 (1842), 459.

(Cinnamon-bellied Nuthatch) from Latin cinnamum = cinnamon, and ventris = bellied, from venter = belly.

S. c. almorae Kinnear and Whistler, 1930

Sitta castaneoventris almoræ N.B. Kinnear and Hugh Whistler. “Description of a New Subspecies of Nuthatch (Sitta castaneoventris almoræ).” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 51, no. 345 (1930), 27 – type coll. Ramganga Valley, Uttarakhand State, India, 29 October 1886, A. Hume.

(Almora Nuthatch) for Almora, Uttarakhand State, India.

S. c. cinnamoventris Blyth, 1842

S. c. koelzi Vaurie, 1950

Sitta europaea koelzi Charles Vaurie. “Notes on Some Asiatic Nuthatches and Creepers.” American Museum Novitates, no. 1472 (1950), 5–8 – type coll. Patkai Hills, India/Myanmar, 2 September 1888, Ernst Hartert.

(Koelz’s Nuthatch) for Walter Koelz.

S. c. tonkinensis Kinnear, 1936

Sitta castanea tonkinensis N.B. Kinnear. “Description of a New Race of Nuthatch, Sitta castanea tonkinensis, from Laos, Indo-China.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 56, no. 392 (1936), 71 – Napé, Laos, 28 January 1928, J. Delacour and W.P. Lowe.

(Tonkin Nuthatch) for Tonkin, Indo-china [Vietnam], with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Sitta neglecta Burmese Nuthatch Walden, 1870

Sitta neglecta Arthur Walden [Arthur Hay]. “Descriptions of Some New Species of Birds from Southern Asia.” Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 4th ser., 5, no. 27 (1870), 218 – type loc. Karen Hills, Myanmar.

(Overlooked Nuthatch) Latin neglēcta = overlooked.


Sitta himalayensis White-tailed Nuthatch Jardine & Selby, 1835

Sitta himalayensis William Jardine and Prideaux John Selby. Illustrations of Ornithology. Edinburgh: W.H. Lizars, 1835, 3: pl. 144 (descr. opp. p.) – type loc. Himalayan district, British India.

(Himalayan Nuthatch) for the Himalayas, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Sitta victoriae White-browed Nuthatch Rippon, 1904

Sitta victoriæ G. Rippon. “On New Species of Birds from the Southern Chin Hills.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 14, no. 107 (1904), 84 – type coll. Mount Victoria [Nat Ma Taung], Myanmar, 14 March 1904, G. Rippon.

(Mount Victoria Nuthatch) for Mount Victoria, Myanmar.


Sitta pygmaea Pygmy Nuthatch Vigors, 1839

Sitta pymæa N.A. Vigors. “Ornithology.” In The Zoology of Captain Beechey’s Voyage; Compiled from the Collections and Notes Made by Captain Beechey, the Officers and Naturalist of the Expedition, during a Voyage to the Pacific and Behring’s Straits Performed in His Majesty’s Ship Blossom, under the Command of Captain F.W. Beechey… in the Years 1825, 26, 27 and 28, edited by F.W. Beechey. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1839, 25, pl. 4, fig. 1 – type coll. Monterey, California, USA, 1–5 January 1827 or 29 October–17 November 1828.

(Dwarf Nuthatch) Latin pygmaea = dwarf, pygmy.

S. p. melanotis van Rossem, 1929

Sitta pygmaea melanotis A.J. van Rossem. “The Races of Sitta pygmaea Vigors.” Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 42, no. 20 (1929), 176 – type coll. Chiricahua Mountains, Cochise County, Arizona, USA, 19 September 1919, H.H. Kimball.

(Black-eared Nuthatch) Latinized from Greek μελανός, melanós = black, from μέλᾱς, mélās = black, and ὠτός, ōtós = eared, genitive of οὖς, oûs = ear.

S. p. pygmaea Vigors, 1839

S. p. leuconucha Anthony, 1889

Sitta pygmæa leuconucha Alfred W. Anthony. “New Birds from Lower California, Mexico.” Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 2nd ser., 2, no. 6 (1889), 77–78 – San Pedro Mountain, Lower California [Baja California Peninsula], Mexico, 28 April 1889, A.W. Anthony.

(White-nape Nuthatch) Latin leucos = white, from Greek λευκός, leukós = white, and from Latin nucha = nape, from Arabic نُخَاع‎, nuḵāʿ = spinal marrow and نُقْرَة,‎ nuqra = hollow of the neck.

S. p. elii Phillips, 1986

Sitta pygmaea elii Allan R. Philips. The Known Birds of North and Middle America. Pt 1, Hirundinidae to Mimidae; Certhiidae. Denver, CO: A.R. Phillips, 1986, 107 – type coll. Mesa de San Antonio, San Antonio de las Alazanas, Coahuila, Mexico, 20 February 1983, Aldegundo Garza de Leo.

(Ely’s Nuthatch) for Charles Adelbert Ely.

S. p. flavinucha van Rossem, 1939

Sitta pygmaea flavinucha A.J. van Rossem. “Four New Races of Sittidae and Certhiidae from Mexico.” Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 52, no. 2 (1939), 5 – type coll. Huitzilac, Morelos, Mexico, 31 December 1892, E.W. Nelson.

(Yellow-naped Nuthatch) from Latin flāvī = yellow, from flāvus = yellow, golden, and from Latin nucha = nape, from Arabic نُخَاع‎, nuḵāʿ = spinal marrow and نُقْرَة,‎ nuqra = hollow of the neck.

S. p. brunnescens Norris, 1958

Sitta pymaea brunnescens R.A. Norris. “Comparative biosystematics and life history of the nuthatches Sitta pygmaea and Sitta pusilla.” University of California Publications in Zoology 56, no. 2 (1958), 148.

(Brownish Nuthatch) Latin brunnescēns = brownish.


Sitta pusilla Brown-headed Nuthatch Latham, 1790

Sitta pusilla Joannis Latham [John Latham]. Index ornithologicus; sive, Systema ornithologiae: complectens avium divisionem in classes, ordines, genera, species, ipsarumque varietates: adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, &c.. Londini [London]: Leigh and Sotheby, 1790, 1: 263.

(Tiny Nuthatch) Latin pusilla = very small, tiny.

S. p. pusilla Latham, 1790

S. p. insularis Bond, 1931

Sitta pusilla insularis James Bond. “A New Nuthatch from the Island of Grand Bahama.” Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 83 (1931), 389 – Grand Bahama, Bahamas, 17 March 1931, James Bond.

(Island Nuthatch) Latin īnsulāris = insular, from īnsula = island, and -āris = relational adjectival suffix.


Sitta whiteheadi Corsican Nuthatch Sharpe, 1884

Sitta whiteheadi R. Bowdler Sharpe. “On an Apparently New Species of European Nuthatch.” Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1884, pt 2 (1884), 233. And “Further Notes on Whitehead’s Nuthatch.” Proceedings, pt 2 (1884), 414–415, pl. 36 – type coll. Corsica, France, 1882–1883, John Whitehead.

(Whitehead’s Nuthatch) for John Whitehead.


Sitta ledanti Algerian Nuthatch Vielliard, 1976

Sitta ledanti J. Vielliard. “La Sitelle kabyle.” Alauda 44, no. 3 (1976), 351 – type col. Djebel Babor, Petite Kabylie, Algeria, 5 July 1976, J. Vielliard.

(Ledant’s Nuthatch) for Jean-Paul Ledant.


Sitta krueperi Krüper’s Nuthatch Pelzeln, 1863

Sitta krüperi August von Pelzeln “Über zwei von Dr. Krüper zu Smyrna gesammelte Vogelarten.” Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bd. 48, Abt. 1, Heft 8 (1863), 149. Republished as “Zwei von Dr. Krüper zu Smyrna gesammelte Vogelarten.” Journal für Ornithologie 14, no. 79 (1866), 49 – type coll. Smyrna [İzmir], Turkey, Theodor Krüper.

(Krüper’s Nuthatch) for Theodor Krüper.


Sitta yunnanensis Yunnan Nuthatch Ogilvie-Grant, 1900

Sitta yunnanensis R. Ogilvie Grant [R. Ogilvie-Grant] “Sitta yunnanensis, n. sp.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 10, no. 68 (1900), 37 – type coll. Wei-yuan [Weiyuan], Yunnan, China, 12 March 1899, A.W.S. Wingate.

(Yunnan Nuthatch) for Yunnan, China, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch Linnaeus, 1766

Sitta canadensis Caroli a Linné [Carl Linnaeus]. Systema naturae; per Regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 12th edn. Holmiæ [Stockholm]: Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 1766, 1: 177 – type loc. Canada.

(Canadese Nuthatch) for Canada, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Sitta villosa Chinese Nuthatch Verreaux, J, 1865

Sitta villosa J. Verreaux in A. Milne Edwards [A. Milne-Edwards]. “Rapport sur quelques aquisitions nouvelles faite par la Galerie ornithologique du Muséum.” Bulletin des Nouvelles archive du Muséum d’histoire naturelle de Paris 1 (1865), 78 – type coll. north of Pékin [Bejing], China, Armand David.

(Hari Nuthatch) Latin villōsa = hairy, from villus = hair, and -ōsa = adjectival suffix, full of.

S. v. bangsi Stresemann, 1929

Sitta canadensis bangsi E. Stresemann. “Neue Formen aus Nord-Kansu III.” Ornithologische Monatsberichte 37, no. 3 (1929), 74 – type coll. South Tetung Mountains, Kansu [Gansu], China, 6 September 1927, W. Beick.

(Bangs’ Nuthatch) for Outram Bangs.

S. v. villosa Verreaux, 1865

S. v. corea Ogilvie-Grant, 1906

Sitta corea R. Ogilvie Grant. “On a New Species of Nuthatch from Corea.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 16, no. 124 (1906), 87–88 – type coll. Min-gyong, south-east of Seoul, Corea [South Korea], 30 November 1905, M.P. Anderson.

(Korean Nuthatch) for Corea [Korea].


Sitta leucopsis White-cheeked Nuthatch Gould, 1850

Sitta leucopsis John Gould. The Birds of Asia. London: John Gould, 1950, pt 1, pl. 46. Republished as vol. 2, pl. 46, text opp. p. Republished in “Descriptions of Three New Indian Birds.” Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 2nd ser., 6, no. 32 (1850), 141 – type coll. Himalaya Mountains, British India, Captain Hay [Arthur Hay].

(White-faced Nuthatch) from Greek λευκός, leukós = white, and Greek ὄψῐς, ópsis = faced, from ὄψ, óps = eye, face, and -σῐς, -sis = processual adjectival suffix.


Sitta przewalskii Przevalski’s Nuthatch Berezowski and Bianchi, 1891

Sitta Przewalskii M. Berezowski and V. Bianchi. Птитсы гансуйскаго путешествія Г.Н. Потанина 1884–1887/Aves expeditionis Potanini per provinciam Gan-su et confinia 1884–1887. [The birds of the Gansu expedition of G.N. Potanin.] Sanktpeterburg [St. Petersburg]: Typography Imperial Academy of Science, 1891, 119–120. Republished in “Die Vögel der westchinesischen Provinz Gan-su,” edited and translated by Karl Deditius. Journal für Ornithologie, 5th ser., 45, no. 1 (1897), 74–75 – Gan-su [Gansu], China, 1884–1887, M. Berezowski.

(Przewalski’s Nuthatch) for N.M. Przewalski.


Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch Latham, 1790

Sitta carolinensis Joannis Latham [John Latham]. Index ornithologicus; sive, Systema ornithologiae: complectens avium divisionem in classes, ordines, genera, species, ipsarumque varietates: adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, &c.. Londini [London]: Leigh and Sotheby, 1790, 1: 262.

(Carolina Nuthatch) for the Carolinas (North and South Carolina), USA, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

S. c. carolinensis Latham, 1790

S. c. aculeata Cassin, 1856

Sitta aculeata John Cassin. “Descriptions and Notes on Birds in the Collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and in the National Museum, Washington.” Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 8, no. 5 (1856), 254 – type loc. California, USA.

(Prickly Nuthatch) Latin acūleāta = prickly, from aculeus = thorn, spine, sting, and -āta = possessive adjectival suffix.

S. c. alexandrae Grinnell, 1926

Sitta carolinensis alexandrae Joseph Grindell. “A New Race of the White-breasted Nuthatch from Lower California.” University of California Publications in Zoology 21, no. 15 (1926), 405–410 – Arroyo La Encantada, Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, Lower California [Baja California Peninsula], Mexico, 10 October 1925, J. Grindell.

(Alexander’s Nuthatch) for Annie M. Alexander.

S. c. tenuissima Grinnell, 1918

Sitta carolinensis tenuissima Joseph Grindell. “Seven New or Noteworthy Birds from East-central California.” Condor 20, no. 2 (1918), 88–89 – type coll. Hanaupah Canyon, Panamint Mountains, Inyo Coounty, California, USA, 1 June 1917, J. Dixon.

(Slender Nuthatch) Latin tenuissima = thinnest, slenderest, from tenuis = thin, weak, slender, and -issima = superlative adjectival suffix.

S. c. nelsoni Mearns, 1902

Sitta carolinensis nelsoni Edgar A. Mearns. “Descriptions of Three New Birds from the Southern United States.” Proceedings of the United States National Museum 24, no. 1274 (1902), 923–926 – type coll. Huachuca Mountains, Cochise County, Arisona, USA, 17 October 1893, Edgar A. Mearns.

(Nelson’s Nuthatch) for E.W. Nelson.

S. c. mexicana Nelson and Palmer, 1894

Sitta carolinensis mexicana E.W. Nelson and T.S. Palmer. “Descriptions of Five New Birds from Mexico.” Auk, o.s., 19, n.s., 11, no. 1 (1894), 45 – type coll. Mount Orizaba, Puebla, Mexico, 26 April 1893, E.W. Nelson.

(Mexican Nuthatch) for Mexico, with Latin -āna = relational adjectival suffix.

S. c. lagunae Brewster, 1891

Sitta carolinensis lagunæ William Brewster. “Descriptions of Seven Supposed New North American Birds.” Auk, o.s., 16, n.s., 8, no. 2 (1891), 149 – type coll. Sierra de la Laguna, Lower California [Baja California Peninsula], Mexico, 5 May 1887, M. Abbott Frazar.

(Sierra de la Laguna Nuthatch) for Sierra de la Laguna, Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.


Sitta neumayer Western Rock Nuthatch Michahelles, 1830

Sitta Neumayer K. Michahelles. “Ueber einige Dalmatinische Vertebraten, die zugleich im westlichen Asien vorkommen.” Isis von Oken 23, Heft 8 (1830), col. 814–815 – type coll. Ragusa [Dubrovnik], Croatia, H. Neumayer.

(Neumayer’s Nuthatch) for H. Neumayer.

S. n. neumayer Michahelles, 1830

S. n. tschitscherini Zarudny, 1904

Sitta tschitscherini N. Sarudny [N. Zarudny]. “Über neue Arten und Formen.” Ornithologisches Jahrbuch 15, Heft 5–6 (1904), 218–219 – type loc. Ispahan [Isfahan], Persia {Iran].

(Chicherin’s Nuthatch) for T.S. Chicherin.

S. n. plumbea Koelz, 1950

Sitta neumayer plumbea Walter Koelz. “New Subspecies of Birds from Southwestern Asia.” American Museum Novitates, no. 1452 (1950), 9 – type coll. Masghun, Kuh-i-Jamal Range, Kirman [Kerman Province], Iran, 10 February 1940, W. Koelz.

(Lead-coloured Nuthatch) Latin plumbea = lead-filled, from plumbum = lead, and -eus = adjectival suffix, source of.


Sitta tephronota Eastern Rock Nuthatch Sharpe, 1872

Sitta tephronota R. Bowdler Sharpe. “Description of Some New Species of Birds in the National Collection.” Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 4th ser., 10, no. 60 (1872), 450–451 – type loc. Central Asia.

(Ash-backed Nuthatch) Latinized from Greek τεφρός, tephrós = ash-coloured, from τέφρᾱ, téphrā = ashes, and -νῶτος, -nōtos = -backed, from νῶτον, nōton = back.

S. t. dresseri Zarudny and Buturlin, 1906

Sitta dresseri N.A Sarudny [N.A. Zarudny] and S.A. Buturlin. “Sitta dresseri spec. nov.” Ornithologische Monatsberichte 14, no. 8 (1906), 132,

(Dresser’s Nuthatch) for H.E. Dresser.

S. t. obscura Zarudny and Loudon, 1905

Sitta syriaca obscura N.A Sarudny [N.A. Zarudny] and Harald Loudon [Harald von Loudon]. “Vorläufige Beschreibung zweier ornithologischen Neuheiten aus West-Persien.” Ornithologische Monatsberichte 13, no. 5 (1905), 76 – type loc. between Caspian Sean and Beluchistan [Balochistan].

(Dusky Nuthatch) Latin obscūra = dusky.

S. t. tephronota Sharpe, 1872

S. t. iranica (Buturlin, 1916)

Rupisitta tephronota iranica S.A. Buturlin. “Краткий обзор семейства поползней (Sittidae).” [A brief overview of the nuthatch family (Sittidae).] Труды Петроградского общества естествоиспытателей [Proceedings of the Imperial Saint Petersburg Society of Naturalists], t. 44, no. 2 (1916), 165.

(Iranian Nuthatch) Latin irānica = Iranian.


Sitta frontalis Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Swainson, 1820

Sitta frontalis Williams Swainson. Zoological Illustrations; or Original Figures and Descriptions of New, Rare, or Interesting Animals, Selected Chiefly from the Classes of Ornithology, Entomology, and Conchology, and Arranged on the Principles of Cuvier and Other Modern Zoologists. London: Baldwin, Craddock, and Joy, 1820, 1: pl. 2 (ill.), descr. opp. p. – type coll. Ceylon [Sri Lanka], J. Banks.

(Black-fronted Nuthatch) Latin frontālis = frontal, from frōns = forehead, and -ālis = relational adjectival suffix.

S. f. frontalis Swainson, 1820

S. f. saturatior Hartert, 1902

Sitta frontalis saturatior Ernst Hartert. “On Birds from Pahang, Eastern Malay Peninsula.” Novitates zoologicae 9, no. 3 (1902), 573 – type coll. Mount Tahan, Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia, September–October 1901, John Waterstradt.

(Intense Nuthatch) from Latin saturat = to be full, replete, and -ior = comparative adjectival suffix.

S. f. corallipes (Sharpe, 1888)

Dendrophila corallipes R. Bowdler Sharpe. “Diagnoses of Some New Species of Birds Obtained on the Mountain of Kina Balu by Mr. John Whitehead.” Ibis, 5th ser., 6, no. 24 (1888), 479 – type coll. Kina Balu [Mount Kinabalu], Sabah, Malaysia, John Whitehead.

(Red-footed Nuthatch) from Latin corallinus = coral-red, from corallium = coral, and -īnus = relational adjectival suffix, and pes, pedis = foot.

S. f. palawana Hartert, 1905

Sitta frontalis palawana Ernst Hartert. “On Three New Subspecies, Regulus r. anglorum, Sitta frontalis palawana, Lipangus holerhythrus rosenbergi.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 16, no. 118 (1905), 11–12 – Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, January 1898, W. Doherty.

(Palawan Nuthatch) for Palawan, Philippines.

S. f. velata Temminck, 1821

Sitta velata C.J. Temminck. “Torchepot voilé. Sitta velata.” In Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d’oiseaux, pour servir de suite et de complement aux planches enluminées de Buffon, Temminck and G.M.J. Jerôme Meiffren Laugier. Paris: G. Dufour et E. d’Ocagne, 1821, livr. 12, pl. 72, fig. 3. Collated and republished as Paris: F.G. Levrault, 1838, vol. 4, pl. 72, fig. 3, descr. on foll. pp. – type loc. Java and Sumatra, Indonesia.

(Veiled Nuthatch) Latin vēlāta = veiled.


Sitta solangiae Yellow-billed Nuthatch (Delacour and Jabouille, 1930)

Calositta solangiae J. Delacour and P. Labouille. “Descriptions de trente oiseaux de l’Indochine française.” Revue d’histoire naturelle. Deuxième partie, l’Oiseau 11, no. 7 (1930), 395. Stand-alone reprint as Descriptions de trente oiseaux de l’Indochine française. Paris: Société nationale d’acclimatation de France, n.d. [1930?], 3–4 – type coll. Loquiho, Chapa, Tonkin, French Indochina [Vietnam], 17 November 1929, J. Delacour and P. Labouille.

(Solange’s Nuthatch) for S.A. la princess Paul Murat [Solange Isabelle Murat, née La Rochefoucauld].

S. s. solangiae (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930)

S. s. fortior Delacour and Greenway, 1939

Sitta solangiae fortior J. Delacour and J.C. Greenway. “Seven New Races from Indo-China.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 59, no. 423 (1939), 133–134 – type coll. Pic de Langbian, Dalat [Đà Lạt], Annam [Vietnam], 14 March 1939, J. Delacour and J.C. Greenway.

(Stronger Nuthatch) Latin fortior = braver, stronger), comparative of fortis = strong.

S. s. chienfengensis Cheng, Ting and Wang, 1964

Sitta frontalis chienfengensis Tso-Hsin Cheng, Wen-Ning Ting and Tze-Yu Wang. “海南岛绒额鳾的一新亚种——尖峯绒额鳾.” [A new subspecies of the Velvet-fronted Nuthatch from Hainan – Sitta frontalis chienfengensis, subsp. nov.], Acta zootaxonomica Sinica 1, no. 1 (1964), 4 – type coll. Chien-feng-ling [Jianfeng Ling], Hainan, China, 29 May and 7 June 1963, Wen-Ning Ting and Tze-Yu Wang.

(Jianfang Nuthatch) for Chien-feng-ling [Jianfeng Ling] Mountain, Hainan, China, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Sitta oenochlamys Sulphur-billed Nuthatch (Sharpe, 1877)

Dendrophila œnochlamys R. Bowdler Sharpe. “On the Birds Collected by Professor J.B. Steere in the Philippine Archipelago.” Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd ser., 1 (1877), 338, pl. 53, fig. 3 – type coll. Guimaras, Philippines, J.B. Steere, December 1874 or January 1875.

(Wine-robed Nuthatch) Latinized from Greek οἶνος, oînos = wine, and χλᾰμῠ́ς, khlamús = mantle, robe.

S. o. mesoleuca (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894)

Dendrophila mesoleuca W.R. Ogilvie-Grant. “New Species from Northern Luzon.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 3, no. 19 (1904), 49. Extended and republished in “On the Birds of the Philippine Islands. Part II: The Highlands of North Luzon, 5000 feet.” With Field-notes by John Whitehead. Ibis, 6th ser., 6, no. 24 (1894), 512–513 – type coll. north Luzon, Philippines, January–March 1894, J. Whitehead.

(White-striped Nuthatch) Latin mesoleucos = black gem with white stripe, from Greek μέσος, mésos = middle, and λευκός, leukós = white.

S. o. isarog Rand and Rabor, 1967

Sitta frontalis isarog Austin L. Rand and Dioscoro S. Rabor. “New Birds from Luzon, Philippine Islands.” Fieldiana. Zoology 51, no. 6, no. 1029 (1967), 89 – type coll. Mount Isarog, Camarines Sur, Philippines, 28 March 1961, D.S. Rabor.

(Mount Isarog Nuthatch) for Mount Isarog, Camarines Sur, Philippines.

S. o. lilacea (Whitehead, 1897)

Dendrophila lilacea John Whitehead. “On Species of Dendrophila.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 6, no. 45 (1897), 49 – type coll. Samar Island, Visayas, Philippines, John Whitehead?.

(Lilac-coloured Nuthatch) from Latin līlium = lily, and -āceus = adjectival suffix (resembling).

S. o. apo (Hachisuka, 1930)

Callisitta frontalis apo Masauji Hachisuka. “Contributions to the Birds of the Philippines, Volume 2.” Ornithological Society of Japan Supplementary Publication 14 (1930), 203 – type coll. Mount Apo, Mindanao, Philippines, M. Hachisuka.

(Mount Apo Nuthatch) for Mount Apo, Mindanao, Philippines.

S. o. zamboanga Rand and Rabor, 1957

Sitta frontalis zamboanga Austin L. Rand and D.S. Rabor. “New Birds from the Philippines.” Fieldiana. Zoology 42, no. 2, no. 833 (1957), 16 – type coll. Mount Malindang, Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines, 19 April 1956, D.S. Rabor.

(Zamboanga Nuthatch) for Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines.

S. o. oenochlamys (Sharpe, 1877)


Sitta azurea Blue Nuthatch Lesson, R, 1830

Sitta azurea R.P. Lesson. Traité d’ornithologie; ou Tableau méthodique des ordres, sous-ordres, familles, tribus, genres, sous-genres et races d’oiseaux. Paris: F.G. Levrault, 1830, livr. 4, 316. Collated and republished in 1831, 316.

(Blue Nuthatch) Latin azurea = deep blue colour, from Arabic لَازُوَرْد, lāzuward = lapis lazuli, from Persian لاجورد, lâjvard = lapis lazuli.

S. a. expectata (Hartert, 1914)

Callisitta azurea expectata Ernst Hartert. “Description of a New Blue Nuthatch – Callisitta azurea expectata – from the Malay Peninsula.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 35, no. 202 (1914), 34 – type coll. Bukit Frazer [Frazer’s Hill], Pahang, Malaysia, 10 October 1909.

(Expected Nuthatch) Latin expectāta = awaited, expected.

S. a. nigriventer (Robinson and Kloss, 1919)

Poliositta azurea nigriventer H.C. Robinson and C. Boden Kloss. “Exhibition of Types and Descriptions of New Species of Malayan Birds: Garrulax pectoralis meridionalis, Gecinus canus meridionalis, Gecinus vittatus connectens, Iyngipicus canicapillus suffusus, Eurylaimus javanicus brookei, Eurylaimus ochromalus kalamantan, Serilophus lunatus stolidus, Rhinocichla mitrata major, Poliositta azurea nigriventer, Ophrydomis albogularis moultoni.” Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 40, no. 245 (1919), 17 – type coll. Tjibodas [Cibodas], Gedeh [Mount Gede], West Java, Indonesia, 17 February 1916, H.C. Robinson,

(Black-bellied Nuthatch) from Latin niger = (shiny) black, and venter = belly.

S. a. azurea Lesson, 1830


Sitta magna Giant Nuthatch Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1876

Sitta magna R. Wardlaw Ramsay [R. Wardlaw-Ramsay]. “On an Undescribed Species of Nuthatch and Another Bird from Karen-nee.” Proceedings of the Scientific Meeting of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1876, pt 3, no. 44 (1876), 677, pl. 63. Republished as “Sitta magna.” In “Recently-described Species, Republications,” edited by Alan Hume. Stray Feathers 5, no. 3–4 (1877), 343 – type coll. Karen-nee [Kayin State], Myanmar, January 1876.

(Great Nuthatch) Latin magna = great, large.

S. m. ligea Deignan, 1938

Sitta magna ligea H.G. Deignan. “A New Nuthatch from Yunnan.” Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 97, no. 9, no. 1436 (1938), 1–2 – Likiang [Lijiang], Yunnan, China, August 1923, Joseph F. Rock.

(Melodious Nuthatch) Latinized from Greek λίγεια = piercing, melodic, eloquent.

S. m. magna Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1876


Sitta formosa Beautiful Nuthatch Blyth, 1843

Sitta formosa E. Blyth. “Mr. Blyth’s Monthly Report for December Meeting, 1842, with Addenda Subsequently Appended.” Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 12, pt 2, no. 143, n.s., 59 (1843), 938 – type loc. Darjeeling.

(Beautiful Nuthatch) Latin fōrmōsa = beautiful, from fōrma = beauty, and -ōsa = adjectival suffix (full of).