Certhiidae

CERTHIIDAE Leach, 1820

W.E. Leach. Synopsis of the contents of the British Museum. 17th edn. London: Richard and Arthur Taylor, 1820, 68.


Certhia Linnaeus, 1758

Certhia Caroli Linnæi [Carl Linnaeus]. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edn. Holmiæ [Stockholm]: Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 1758, 1: 118.


Certhia familiaris Eurasian Treecreeper Linnaeus, 1758

Certhia familiaris Caroli Linnæi [Carl Linnaeus]. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edn. Holmiæ [Stockholm]: Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 1758, 1: 118 – type loc. Europæ [Europe].

(Friendly Treecreeper) from Latin familiāris = familiar, friendly, from Latin familia = family, household, and Latin -āris = relational adjectival suffix.

C. f. britannica Ridgway, 1882

Certhia familiaris britannica Robert Ridgway. ‘Critical Remarks on the Tree-creepers (Certhia) of Europe and North America.’ Proceedings of the United States National Museum 5 (1882), 113 – type loc. England.

(British Treecreeper) for Great Britain, from Latin Britannia = Great Britain, and Latin -ica = relational adjectival suffix.

C. f. macrodactyla Brehm, 1831

Certhia macrodactyla Christian Ludwig Brehm. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands. Ilmenau: Verlag von Bernh. Friedr. Voigt, 1831, 208–209.

(Long-toed Treecreeper) Latinized from Greek μᾰκρός, makrós = long, and Greek δᾰ́κτῠλος, dáktulos = finger, toe.

C. f. corsa Hartert, 1905

Certhia familiaris corsa Ernst Hartert. Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna. Systematische Übersicht der in Europa, Nord-Asien und der Mittelmeerregion vorkommenden Vögel. Berlin: R. Friedländer und Sohn, 1905, Heft 3, 320. Collated and republished as vol. 1 (1910), 320 – type coll. Corsica, John Whitehead, 6 January 1884.

(Corsican Treecreeper) for Corsica.

C. f. familiaris Linnaeus, 1758

C. f. daurica Domaniewski, 1922

Certhia familiaris daurica J. Domaniewski. ‘Krytyczne uwagi o palearktycznych przedstawicielach rodzaju Certhia Linn.’ [Notes critiques sur les représentants paléarctiques du genre Certhia Linn.], Archiwum Nauk Biologicznych Towarzystwa Naukowego Warszawskiego 1, fasc. 10 (1922), 4 – type coll. Darasoun [Darasun], Daourie [Transbaikal], Russia, 1867, B. Dybowski.

(Daurian Treecreeper) for Dauria [Transbaikal, literally the country of the Daur.

C. f. caucasica Buturlin, 1907

Certhia familiaris caucasica S.A. Buturlin. ‘Neue Formen aus dem Kaukasus.’ Ornithologische Monatsberichte 15, no. 1 (1907), 8–9 – type loc. Caucasus and Transcaucasia.

(Caucasus Treecreeper) for Caucasus.

C. f. persica Zarudny and Loudon, 1905

Certhia familiaris persica N. Sarudny [N. Zarudny] and H. Loudon [H. von Loudon]. ‘Vorläufige Bemerkungen über drei ornithologische Neuheiten aus Persien.’ Ornithologische Monatsberichte 13, no. 6–7 (1905), 106–107 – type loc. Caspian provinces of Iran.

(Persian Treecreeper) for Persian [Iran].

C. f. bianchii Hartert, 1905

Certhia familiaris bianchii Ernst Hartert. Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna. Systematische Übersicht der in Europa, Nord-Asien und der Mittelmeerregion vorkommenden Vögel. Berlin: R. Friedländer und Sohn, 1905, Heft 3, 321. Collated and republished as vol. 1 (1910), 321 – type coll. ‘Tetung Mountains’ [part of Nanshan Mountains = Qilian Mountains?], Kansu [Gansu Province], China, N. Przewalski.

(Bianchi’s Treecreeper) for Valentin Bianchi.

C. f. tianschanica Hartert, 1905

Certhia familiaris tianschanica Ernst Hartert. Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna. Systematische Übersicht der in Europa, Nord-Asien und der Mittelmeerregion vorkommenden Vögel. Berlin: R. Friedländer und Sohn, 1905, Heft 3, 321. Collated and republished as vol. 1 (1910), 320 – type coll. Ak-Su [Aksu], Tian Shan, Kazakhstan/China, 19 February 1902, A.A. Kutzenko.

(Tian Shan Treecreeper) for Tian Shan mountain ranges.

C. f. japonica Hartert, 1897

Certhia familiaris japonica Ernst Hartert. ‘Notes on Palaearctic Birds and Allied Forms.’ Novitates zoologicae 4, no. 1 (1897), 138 – type coll. northern Hondo [Honshu], Japan, Alan Owston.

(Japanese Treecreeper) for Japan, from Latin Japonia = Japan, and Latin -ica = relational adjectival suffix.


Certhia hodgsoni Hodgson’s Treecreeper Brooks, 1871

Certia Hodgsoni W.E. Brooks. ‘Notes on the Ornithology of Cashmir.’ Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, September 1871, no. 9, 209. Extended and republished in Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 41, pt 2, no. 1 (1872), 74. Republished in ‘Notes upon a Collection of Birds Made between Mussoori and Gangaotri in May 1874.’ Stray Feathers 3, no. 1–3 (1875), 233n – type coll. Cashmir [Kashmir], W.E. Brooks.

(Hodgson’s Treecreeper) for B.H. Hodgson.

C. h. hodgsoni Brooks, 1871

C. h. mandellii Brooks, 1874

Certhia Mandellii W.E. Brooks. ‘Notes on the Certhiinæ of India.’ Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 42 (= ‘1873’), pt 2, no. 4 (1874), 256–257 – type loc. Sikkim, India.

(Mandelli’s Treecreeper) for L. Mandelli.

C. h. khamensis Bianchi, 1903

Certhia khamensis V. Bianchi in R. Bowdler Sharpe. A Hand-list of the Genera and Species of Birds: Nomenclator avium tum fossilium tum viventium. London: British Museum (Natural History), 1903, 4: 355 (list), 360 (descr.) – type loc. Kan-su [Gansu] and Sze-chuen [Sichuan], China, and Upper Mekong, Tibet.

(Kham Treecreeper) for Kham, Tibet and Sichuan Province, China, and Latin -ensis = geographical adjectival suffix


Certhia americana Brown Creeper Bonaparte, 1838

Certhia americana Charles Lucian Bonaparte [Charles Lucian Bonaparte]. A Geographical and Comparative List of the Birds of Europe and North America. London: J. Van Voorst, 1838, 11 – type loc. western and northern North America.

(American Treecreeper) for North America, from Latin America = America, and Latin -āna = relational adjectival suffix.

C. a. alascensis Webster, 1986

Certhia americana alascensis J. Dan Webster. ‘Certhia americana Bonaparte.’ In Allan R. Philips. The Known Birds of North and Middle America. Pt 1, Hirundinidae to Mimidae; Certhiidae. Denver, CO: A.R. Phillips, 1986, 199 – type coll. Fort Wainwright, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, 28 September 1961, W.T. Van Velzen.

(Alaskan Treecreeper) for Alaska, USA.

C. a. occidentalis Ridgway, 1882

Certhia familiaris occidentalis Robert Ridgway. ‘Critical Remarks on the Tree-creepers (Certhia) of Europe and North America.’ Proceedings of the United States National Museum 5 (1882), 115–116 – type loc. Pacific coast of North America.

(Western Treecreeper) from Latin occidentālis = western, from occidēns = west, and -ālis = adjectival suffix.

C. a. stewarti Webster, 1986

Certhia americana stewarti J. Dan Webster. ‘Certhia americana Bonaparte.’ In Alan R. Philips. The Known Birds of North and Middle America. Pt 1, Hirundinidae to Mimidae; Certhiidae. Denver, CO: A.R. Phillips, 1986, 200 – type coll. Masset, British Columbia, Canada, 27 May 1920, J.A. Munro.

(Stewart’s Treecreeper) for Ronald McDonald Stewart.

C. a. zelotes Osgood, 1901

Certhia familiaris zelotes Wilfred H. Osgood. ‘New Subspecies of North American Birds.’ Auk 18, no. 2 (1901), 182–183 – type coll. Battle Creek, Tehama County, California, USA, 23 October 1898, R.C. McGregor.

(Imitator Treecreeper) Latinized from Greek ζηλωτής, zēlōtḗs = emulator.

C. a. phillipsi Unitt and Rea, 1997

Certhia americana phillipsi Philip Unitt and Amadeo M. Rea. ‘Taxonomy of the Brown Creeper in California.’ In R.W. Dickerman. The Era of Allan Phillips: A Festschrift. Albuquerque, NM: Horizon Communications, 1997, 180–182 – type coll. Pointa Gorda [Gorda], California, USA, 14 October 1989, Philip Unitt.

(Phillips’s Treecreeper) for Allan R. Philips.

C. a. montana Ridgway, 1882

Certhia familiaris montana Robert Ridgway. ‘Critical Remarks on the Tree-creepers (Certhia) of Europe and North America.’ Proceedings of the United States National Museum 5 (1882), 114–115 – type loc. Middle province of North America.

(Mountain Treecreeper) from Latin montāna, from mōns = mountain, and -ānus = relational adjectival suffix.

C. a. leucosticta van Rossem, 1931

Certhia familiaris leucosticta A.J. van Rossem. ‘Descriptions of New Birds from the Mountains of Southern Nevada.’ Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 6, no. 22 (1831), 329 – type coll. Hidden Forest, Clark County, Nevada, USA, 17 September 1930, A.J. van Rossem.

(White-spotted Treecreeper) from Greek λευκοστικτος, leukostiktos = white-speckled, white-spotted, from λευκος, leukos = white, and στικτος, stiktos = spotted.

C. a. americana Bonaparte, 1838

C. a. nigrescens Burleigh, 1935

Certhia familiaris nigrescens Thomas D. Burleigh. ‘Two News Birds from the Southern Appalachians.’ Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 48, no. 15 (1935), 62 – type coll. Mount Mitchell, North Carolina, USA, 8 May 1930, Thomas D. Burleigh.

(Blackish Treecreeper) from Latin nigrēscēns = blackish.

C. a. albescens Berlepsch, 1888

Certhia mexicana albescens Hans von Berlepsch. Descriptions of New Species and Subspecies of Birds from the Neotropical Region.’ Auk 5, no. 4 (1888), 450 – Cuidad [La Cuidad], Durango [Victoria de Durango], Mexico, 16 October 18??, Alph. Forrer.

(Whitish Treecreeper) from Latin albēscēns = whitish.

C. a. alticola Miller, 1895

Certhia familiaris alticola Gerrit S. Miller ‘The Systematic Name of the Mexican Creeper.’ Auk 12, no. 2 (1895), 184–185.

(Lofty Treecreeper) from Latin altus = high and incola = inhabitant.

C. a. pernigra Griscom, 1935

Certhia familiaris pernigra Ludlow Griscom. ‘Critical Notes on Central American Birds in the British Museum.’ Ibis 77, no. 3 (1935), 552 – Volcán de Fuego, Guatemala, November 1873, Osbert Salvin.

(Inky Treecreeper) from Latin prefix per- = very, and Latin nigrā = black.

C. a. extima Miller and Griscom, 1925

Certhia familiaris extima W. DeW. Miller and Ludlow Griscom. ‘Notes on Central American Birds, with Descriptions of New Forms.’ American Museum Novitates, no. 183 (1925), 6–7 – San Rafael del Norte, Nicaragua, 23 March 1917, W. DeW. Miller and Ludlow Griscom.

(Remotest Treecreeper) from Latin extimā = outermost, furthest.


Certhia brachydactyla Short-toed Treecreeper Brehm, 1820

Certhia brachydactyla Christian Ludwig Brehm. Beiträge zur Vögelkunde in vollständigen Beschreibungen mehrerer neu Entdeckter und vieler seltener oder nicht gehörig beobachteter deutscher Vögel. Neustadt an der Orla: J.K.G. Wagner, 1820, 570–587 – type coll. Renthendorf, Germany, 29 December 1816, Christian Ludwig Brehm.

(Short-toed Treecreeper) Latinized from Greek βρᾰχῠδᾰ́κτῠλος, brakhudáktulos = short-toed, from βρᾰχῠ́ς, brakhús = short, and‎ δᾰ́κτῠλος, dáktulos = finger, toe.

C. b. megarhynchos Brehm, 1831

Certhia megarhynchos Christian Ludwig Brehm. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands. Ilmenau: Verlag von Bernh. Friedr. Voigt, 1831, 211.

(Large-billed Treecreeper) from Greek μέγᾰς, mégas = large, and Greek ῥῠ́γχος, rhúnkhos = bill.

C. b. brachydactyla Brehm, 1820

C. b. mauritanica Witherby, 1905

Certhia brachydactyla mauritanica H.F. Witherby. ‘On a New Subspecies of Treecreeper from Algeria.’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 15, no. 112 (1905), 35–36 – Aïn-Draham [Aïn Draham], Tunesia, 13 April 1903, H.F. Witherby.

(Mauritanian Treecreeper) for Mauritania.

C. b. dorotheae Hartert, 1904

Certhia brachydactyla dorotheæ Ernst Hartert. ‘A New Species of Certhia.’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 14 , no. 104 (1904), 50–51 – type coll. Troödos [Troodos], Cyprus, 4 January 1904.

(Bate’s Treecreeper) for Dorothea Bate.

C. b. rossocaucasica Stepanyan, 2000

L. S. Stepanyan ‘Новый подвид короткопалой пищухи Certhia brachydactyla (Aves, Certhiidae) из области Северо-Западного Кавказа.’ [A new subspecies of the Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla (Aves, Certhiidae) from the region of the Northwest Caucasus.] Зоологическом журнале [Zoological journal] 79, no. 3 (2000), 333-337.

(Russo-Caucasian Treecreeper) from Latin Rosso- = Russian, and Latin Caucasica = of the Caucasus Mountains.


Certhia himalayana Bar-tailed Treecreeper Vigors, 1832

Certhia Himalayana N.A. Vigors ‘Observations on a Collection of Birds from Hymalayan Mountains, with Characters of New Genera and Species.’ Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London, pt 1, no. 14 (1832), 174 – type coll. Himalayas, Dr. Struthers.

(Himalayan Treecreeper) for the Himalays.

C. h. taeniura Severtsov, 1873

Certhia taeniura N.A. Severtsov. ‘Вертикальное и горизонтальное распределение Туркестанских животных’ [Vertical and horizontal distribution of Turkestan fauna]. Известия Императорском общества любителей естествознания, антропологии и этнографии [News of the Imperial Society of Devotees of Natural History, Anthropology and Ethnography] 8, no. 2 (1873), 66 (table), 138 (text). Republished in ‘Faune des vertébrés du Turkestan.’ Translated by Léon Olphe Galliard. Zeitschrift für die gesammte Ornithologie 4, nos. 1–2 (1887), 190–110 – type coll. Tschimkent [Shymkent], Kazakhstan (then Russia), November 1864?, N.A. Severtsov.

(Bar-tailed Treecreeper) Latinized fram Greek ταινία, tainía = band, and Greek -οὐρος, -ouros = -tailed, from οὐρά, ourá = tail.

C. h. himalayana Vigors, 1832

C. h. yunnanensis Sharpe, 1902

Certhia yunnanensis R. Bowdler Sharpe. ‘On New Birds from Yun-nan.’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 13, no. 91 (1902), 11 – type coll. Shanyang, Ch’ü-tung road’, Yun-nan [Yunnan Province], China, 15 March 1902?, G. Rippon.

(Yunnan Treecreeper) for Yunnan, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

C. h. ripponi Kinnear, 1929

Certhia familiaris ripponi N.B. Kinnear. ‘Ammended name: Certhia familiaris ripponi for C. f. intermedia.’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 49, no. 334 (1929), 109 – type coll. Mount Victoria [Nat Ma Taung], Chin State, Myanmar, G. Rippon.

(Rippon’s Treecreeper) for G. Rippon.


Certhia nipalensis Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Blyth, 1845

Certhia nipalensis Edward Blyth. ‘Notices and Descriptions of Various New or Little Known Species of Birds.’ Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 14, pt 2, no. 164 (1845), 580–581 – type coll. Nepal, B.H. Hodgson.

(Nepalese Treecreeper) from Nipal = Nepal, and Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.


Certhia discolor Sikkim Treecreeper Blyth, 1845

Certhia discolor Edward Blyth. ‘Notices and Descriptions of Various New or Little Known Species of Birds.’ Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 14, pt 2, no. 164 (1845), 580–581 – type coll. Darjeeling, Mr. G. Webb.

(Peculiar Treecreeper) from Latin discolor = having a different colour.


Certhia manipurensis Hume’s Treecreeper Hume, 1881

Certhia manipurensis Allan Hume. ‘Novelties?’ Stray Feathers 10, no. 1 (1881), 151–152 – type coll. eastern hills of Manipur, India, Allan Hume.

(Manipur Treecreeper) for Manipur, with Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

C. m. manipurensis Hume, 1881

C. m. shanensis Baker, 1930

Certhis discolor shanensis E.C. Stuart Baker The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. 2nd edn. Vol. 7, Birds. London: Taylor and Francis, 1930, 90 – type coll. Loi-pang Nan [Loipang Nan], Myanmar, April 1902.

(Shan Treecreeper) for Shan State, Myanmar, and Latin -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

C. m. laotiana Delacour, 1951

Certhia discolor laotiana J. Delacour. ‘Commentaires, modifications et additions à la liste des oiseaux de l’Indochine Française. II.’ L’Oiseau et la Revue Française d’Ornithologie, n.s., 21, trim. 2 (1951), 112 – type coll. Phu-Kobo, Xieng-Khouang [Xiankhouang Province], Laos, 15 December 1938, J. Delacour, F. Edmond-Blanc and J.C. Greenway.

(Laos Treecreeper) for Laos, and Latin -iana = relational adjectival suffix.

C. m. meridionalis Robinson and Kloss, 1919

Certhia discolor meridionalis Herbert C. Robinson and C. Boden Kloss. On Birds from South Annam and Cochin China. Part II: Pycnonotidæ.’ Ibis, 11th ser., vol. 1, no. 4 (1919), 609–610 – type coll. Langbian Peaks [Đà Lạt Plateau], Annam [Vietnam], 8 April 1918, C.B. Kloss.

(Southern Treecreeper) from Latin merīdiōnālis = southern, from merīdiēs = south, and -ālis = relational adjectival suffix.


Salpornis Gray, 1847

Salpornis G.R. Gray. ‘On Two New Genera of Certinæ.’ Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pt 15, no. 168 (1847), 7.


Salpornis spilonota Indian Spotted Creeper (Franklin, 1831)

Certhia spilonota James Franklin. ‘Catalogue of Birds, collected on the Ganges between Calcutta and Benares, and in the Vindhyian Hills between the latter place and Gurrah Mundela on the Nerbudda, with Characters of the New Species.’ Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London, pt 1, no. 10 (1831), 121 – type coll. Ganges/Vindhyian hills [Vindhya Range], India, James Franklin.

(Spot-backed Treecreeper) from Greek σπιλος, spilos = spot, and Greek -νωτος, -nōtos = -backed, from νῶτον, nōton = back.

S. s. rajputanae Meinertzhagen and Meinertzhagen, 1926

Salpornis spilonota rajputanæ R. Meinertzhagen and A. Meinertzhagen. ‘Descriptions of New Birds from India: .’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 46, no. 304 (1926), 83 – type coll. Sambhur [Sambhar Lake Town], India, 2 June 1873, A. Hume?.

(Rajputana Treecreeper) for Rajputana (= ± Rajasthan), India.

S. s. spilonota (Franklin, 1831)


Salpornis salvadori African Spotted Creeper (Barboza du Bocage, 1878)

Hylypsornis Salvadori J.V. Barboza du Bocage [J.V. Barbosa du Bocage]. ‘Mélanges ornithologiques. VI Espèces nouvelles d’Angola.’ Jornal de sciências mathemáticas, físicas e naturaes, no. 23 (1886), 211–212 – type coll. Caconda, Angola, 1877, Mr. d’Anchieta [J.A. de Oliveira Anchieta].

(Salvadori’s Treecreeper) for T. Salvadori.

S. s. emini Hartlaub, 1884

Salpornis emini G. Hartlaub. ‘On a New Species of Salpornis from Eastern Equatorial Africa.’ Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1884, no. 28 (1884) 415–417, pl. 37 – type coll. Langomeri, Eastern Equatorial Africa [Eastern Equatoria, South Sudan], Emin Bey [Isaak Schnitzer/Emin Pasha].

(Emin Bey’s Treecreeper) for Emin Bey [Isaak Schnitzer/Emin Pasha].

S. s. erlangeri Neumann, 1907

Salpornis spilonota erlangeri Oscar Neumann. ‘Ein neuer Salpornis.’ Ornithologische Monatsberichte 15, no. 3 (1907), 52 – Type coll. Anderatscha [Anderaccha], Kaffa [Keffa Zone], Ethiopia, 16 March 1901, O. Neumann.

(Erlanger’s Treecreeper) for Carlo von Erlanger.

S. s. salvadori (Barboza du Bocage, 1878)

S. s. xylodromus Clancey, 1975

Salpornis spilonotus xylodromus P.A. Clancey. Miscellaneous Taxonomic Notes on African Birds XLI.’ Durban Museum Novitates 10, no. 14 (1975), 208 – Mafungabusi Plateau, Gokwe district [Gokwe South District], Rhodesia [Zimbabwe], 18 July 1964, Durban Museum personnel.

(Tree-runner) Latinized from Greek ξύλον, xúlon = wood, and Greek δρόμος, drómos = race, running.