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Cinclidae

CINCLIDAE Sundevall, 1836

C.J. Sundevall. ‘Ornithologiskt System.’ Kungliga Svenska vetenskapsakademiens handlingar, 3rd ser., t. 23 (1836), 91.


Cinclus Borkhausen, 1797

Cinclus Moriz Balthasar Borkhausen [Moritz Balthasar Borkhausen]. Deutsche Fauna, oder, Kurzgefasste Naturgeschichte der Thiere Deutschlands. Pt 1 Saugthiere und Vögel. Frankfurt am Main: Barrentrapp und Wenner, 1797, 300.


Cinclus cinclus White-throated Dipper (Linnaeus, 1758)

Sturnus Cinclus Caroli Linnæi [Carl Linnaeus]. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edn. Holmiæ [Stockholm]: Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 1758, 1: 168 – type loc. Europa [Europe].

From Greek κίγκλος, kínklos = White Wagtail, cf. Aristotle. Historia animalium. Translated by D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson. Vol. 4 of The Works of Aristotle. Edited by J.A. Smith and W.D. Ross. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910, 593b4–7.

C. c. hibernicus Hartert, 1910

Cinclus cinclus hibernicus Ernst Hartert. Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna. Systematische Übersicht der in Europa, Nord-Asien und der Mittelmeerregion vorkommenden Vögel. Berlin: R. Friedländer und Sohn, 1910, Heft 6, 790. Collated and republished as vol. 1 (1910), 790 – type coll. County Cork, Ireland, 25 August 1896.

(Irish Dipper) from Latin hibernicus = Irish.

C. c. gularis (Latham, 1802)

Turdus gularis Joannis Latham [John Latham]. Index ornithologicus, sive systema ornithologiae. Londini [London]: Prostat apud G. Leigh, J. et S. Sotheby, 1802, 40 – type coll. ‘Miss Calvin’, Penrith, England, UK.

(White-throated Dipper) from Latin gulāris = throat.

C. c. cinclus (Linnaeus, 1758)

C. c. aquaticus (Bechstein, 1797)

Accentor aquaticus I.M. Bechstein. Getreue Abbildungen naturhistorischer Gegenstaende in Hinsicht auf Bechsteins kurzgefasste gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte des In- und Auslandes: für Eltern, Hofmeister, Jugendlehrer, Erzieher und Liebhaber der Naturgeschichte. Nürnberg: Schneider und Weigel Kunst- und Buchhandlung, 1797. Vol. 1, Heft 3, 47, pl. 30.

(Aquatic Dipper) from Latin aquāticus = aquatic, relating to water, from Latin aqua = water, and Latin -ticus = adjectival suffix.

C. c. olympicus† Madarasz, 1903

Cinclus olympicus Julius von Madarász [Gyula Madarász]. ‘Zwei neue cyprische Vögel.’ Ornithologische Monatsberichte 11, no. 1 (1903), 6 – type coll. C. Glaszner, Troodos Mountains, Cyprus, 3 October 1902.

(Olympus Dipper) for Mount Olympus, Cyprus.

C. c. minor Tristram, 1870

Cinclus minor H.B. Tristram. ‘Notes on Some Old World Species of Passerine Birds.’ Ibis, n.s., vol. 6, no. 24 (1870), 496–497 – type coll. J.H. Gurney Jr., Blida, Algeria.

(Lesser Dipper) from Latin minor = lesser, comparative of parvus.

C. c. rufiventris Tristram, 1885

Cinclus rufiventris H.B. Tristram. The Survey of Western Palestine: The Flora and Fauna of Palestine. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1884, 51 – type loc. Litany River [Litani River], Libanon.

(Red-bellied Dipper) from Latin rufiventris = red bellied, from Latin rūfus = red, and Latin‎ venter = belly.

C. c. uralensis Serebrovski, 1927

Cinclus cinclus uralensis P. Serebrovski. ‘New Races of Palearctic Birds.’ Doklady Akademii Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 20 (1927), 326 – type coll. P. Sushkin, ‘River Pismianka, Belebei District [Belebeyevsky District], Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, 24 May 1891.

(Ural Dipper) for Ural, Russia.

C. c. caucasicus Madarasz, 1903

Cinclus caucasicus Julius von Madarász [Gyula Madarász]. ‘Drei neue palaearktische Vogelarten.’ Annales historico-naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 1, no. 2 (1903), 560 – type coll. Piatigorsk [Pyatigorsk], North Caucasian Federal District, Russia, 3 February 1899, and Wladikawkas [Vladikavkaz], Republic of North Ossetia – Alania, Russia, 14 February 1900.

(Caucasus Dipper) from Latin caucasicus = Caucasian.

C. c. persicus Witherby, 1906

Cinclus cinclus persicus H.F. Witherby. ‘On a New Subspecies of Dipper from S.W. Persia.’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 16, no. 123 (1906), 71–72 – type coll. R.B. Woosnam, Mal Amir [Izeh], Iran, 16 April 1905.

(Persian Dipper) for Persia [Iran].

C. c. leucogaster Bonaparte, 1850

Cinclus leucogasterCarolo Luciano Bonaparte [Charles Lucien Bonaparte]. Conspectus generum avium. Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: E.J. Brill, 1850, 1: 252 – type loc. Siberia, Russia.

(White-bellied Dipper) Latinized leucogaster from Greek λευκός, leukós = white, and Greek γαστήρ = gastḗr = belly.

C. c. baicalensis Dresser, 1892

Cinclus leucogaster baicalensis H.E. Dresser. ‘Remarks on the Palæarctic White-breasted Dippers.’ Ibis, 6th ser., vol. 4, no. 15 (1892) 385–387 – type loc. Lake Baikal, Russia.

(Baikal Dipper) for Lake Baikal, Russia, from Latin baical = Baikal and -ēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

C. c. cashmeriensis Gould, 1860

Cinclus cashmeriensis John Gould. ‘On Two New Species of Cinclus.’ Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pt 27 (= ‘1859’), pt 3, no. 413 (1860), 494 – type coll. A. Leith Adams, Cashmere [Kashmir].

(Kashmir Dipper) from Latinized cashmere = Kashmir, from Hindi कश्मीर, kaśmīr, and Latin -iēnsis = geographical adjectival suffix.

C. c. przewalskii Bianchi, 1905

Cinclus przewalskii V. Bianchi. ‘On a New Species of Dipper.’ Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 15, no. 117 (1905), 91–92 – type coll. P. Koslow [P. Kozlov], ‘Den-chu’, Yang-tse-kiang [Yangtze] basin, China, 17–18 April [30 April–1 May] 1901.

(Przewalski’s Dipper) for Nikolay Przewalski.


Cinclus pallasii Brown Dipper Temminck, 1820

Cinclus Pallasii C.J. Temminck. Manuel d’ornithologie, ou Tableau systématique des oiseaux qui se trouvent en Europe: précédé d’une analyse du système général d’ornithologie, et suivi d’une table alphabétique des espèces. Paris: H. Cousin, 1820, 1: 177 – type coll. P.S. Pallas, Crimea, Ukrain/Russia.

(Pallas’s Dipper) for Peter Simon Pallas.

C. p. tenuirostris Bonaparte, 1850

Cinclus tenuirostris Carolo Luciano Bonaparte [Charles Lucien Bonaparte]. Conspectus generum avium. Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: E.J. Brill, 1850, 1: 252 – type loc. central Asia.

(Slender-billed Dipper) from Latin tenuirōstris = slender billed, from Latin tenuis = thin, slender, and Latin rōstrum = bill, beak.

C. p. dorjei Kinnear, 1937

Cinclus pallasii dorjei N.B. Kinnear in F. Ludlow. ‘The Birds of Bhutan and Adjacent Territories of Sikkim and Tibet: Part II.’ With Notes by N.B. Kinnear. Ibis 79, no. 2 (1937), 263 – type coll. F. Ludlow and G. Sherriff, Sakden [Sakteng Gewog], East Bhutan, 18 October 1934.

(Dorje’s Dipper) for Raja S.T. Dorje [S.T. Dorji].

C. p. pallasii Temminck, 1820


Cinclus mexicanus American Dipper Swainson, 1827

Cinclus Mexicanus William Swainson. ‘A Synopsis of the Birds Discovered in Mexico by W. Bullock and Mr. WIlliam Bullock, jun.’ Philosophical Magazine or Annals of Chemistry, Mathematics, Astronomy, Natural History and General Science 1, no. 4 (1827), 368 – type coll. W. Bullock and/or William Bullock Jr., Mexico.

(Mexican Dipper) for Mexico.

C. m. unicolor Bonaparte, 1827

Cinclus unicolor Charles Lucian Buonaparte ‘Supplement to the Genera of North American Birds, and to the Synopsis of the Species Found within the Territory of the United States.’ Zoological Journal 3, no. 9 (1827), 52–53 – type loc. Athapescow Lake [Lake Athabasca], Canada.

(Unicoloured Dipper) from Latin ūnicolor = of one colour.

C. m. mexicanus Swainson, 1827

C. m. anthonyi Griscom, 1930

Cinclus mexicanus anthonyi Ludlow Griscom. ‘Studies from the Dwight Collection of Guatemala Birds III’ American Museum Novitates, no. 438 (1930), 7 – type coll. A.W. Anthony, San Mateo [San Mateo Ixtatán], Guatemala, 12 February 1927.

(Anthony’s Dipper) for A.W. Anthony.

C. m. dickermani Phillips, 1966

Cinclus mexicanus dickermani Allan R. Phillips. ‘Further Systematic Notes on Mexican Birds’. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 86, no. 7 (1966), 126 – type coll. Ciro González, Rio Molino, Oaxaca, Mexico, 29–30 November 1961.

(Dickerman’s Dipper) for Robert W. Dickerman.

C. m. ardesiacus Salvin, 1867

Cinclus ardesiacus Osbert Salvin. ‘On the Genus Cinclus.’ Ibis, n.s., vol. 3, no. 9 (1867), 121 – type coll. Enrique Arce, Cordillera de Tolé [Tolé District], Panama.

(Slate-coloured Dipper) from Latin ardēsiācus = slate-coloured, from French ardoise = slate.


Cinclus leucocephalus White-capped Dipper Tschudi, 1844

Cinclus leucocephalus J.J. de Tschudi [J.J. von Tschudi]. ‘Avium conspectus quae in Republica Peruana reperiuntur et pleraeque observatae vel collectae sunt in itinere.’ Archiv für Naturgeschichte 10, Bd. 1 (1844), 279 – type loc. Peru.

(White-headed Dipper) from Latin leucocephalus = white headed, Latinized from Greek λευκός, leukós = white, and Greek κέφᾰλος, képhalos = headed.

C. l. rivularis Bangs, 1899

Cinclus rivularis Outram Bangs. ‘On Some New or Rare Birds from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia.’ Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 13, no. 22 (1899), 105–106 – type coll. ‘Chirua’, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, W.W. Brown Jr., 7 February 1899.

(Rivulet Dipper) from Latin rīvulāris = inhabitant of small brook, rivulet.

C. l. leuconotus Sclater, 1858

Cinclus leuconotus Philip Lutley Sclater. ‘Description of Eleven New Species of Birds from Tropical America.’ Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pt 25 (= ‘1857’), no. 342 (1858), 274 – type loc. Nova Grenada [Bogotá], Colombia.

(White-backed Dipper) from Greek λευκός, leukós = white, and Greek -νωτος, -nōtos = -backed, from νῶτον, nôton = back.

C. l. leucocephalus Tschudi, 1844


Cinclus schulzii Rufous-throated Dipper Cabanis, 1882

Cinclus Schulzii J. Cabanis. ‘Ueber neue Vogelarten.’ Ornithologisches Centralblatt 7, no. 23–24 (1882), 182–183. Also published in ‘Ueber Cinclus Schulzi [sic] n. sp., Phloeotomus Schulzi n. sp., Chloronerpes tucumanus n. sp.’. Journal für Ornithologie 31, Folge 4, Bd. 11, Heft 1, no. 161 (1883), 102 – type coll. Fritz Schulz, Tucumán Province, Argentina.

(Schulz’s Dipper) for Fritz Schulz.

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